Web Development Technologies 2019

The website is actually a collection of publicly available, inter-linked Web-pages. That shares a single domain name. Websites could be developed and managed by organizations, groups, and even a single person, to provide various products and services. Collectively, all publicly available websites represent the World Wide Web.

Creating and launching a Website is a good approach to connect with the world. Websites are often used by brands, bloggers, artists, writers, and many other individuals and companies to make their identity in the world market.

Before we go further and talk about web development, Let us try to Understanding the Parts of a URL (website) Address.

The people can find a piece of information, details about any brand or service on the Internet through a Uniform Resource Locator (URL),. The URL/web address is definitely the address that tags the location of a website.

The URL address for any specific website is like “HTTP” or https://www.example.com


The “https (” or “https” shows which kind of protocol (set of rules) you need to follow to view this item. The protocol is the method by which two or more devices/systems connect and communicate with each other. Some other protocols like FTP (file transfer protocol) and telnet are also available.

(HTTPS stands for “Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure”. HTTPS is an enhanced form or an extension of HTTP which is used for “Secure” connections over the internet or an online digital network.)


The “www” means “World Wide Web”. This is the name of the “web host” main directory/Server in which the web pages are stored. “www” is a common name provided to computer servers connected to the web. but, it is not essential for web-addresses to start with the “www.” The webpages could also be stored on a host computer or server named something different.

Domain/website name

The domain name is “example” and shows that the pages are coming from “example” sources. The part of the website domain name that is certainly considered as the top-level domain designator is the “.com”. The most common types of top-level domains are .edu, .org.net, .pk, .uk etc

Web Development

Flowchart diagram

Client-side vs Server-side

Following are the terms associated with Web Development


Front end development is known as a client-side and considered a bridge between web design and web development. The main languages that work as a Front-end development are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.


It is known as the server-side and covers the functioning and behavior of the websites.

Following are some main languages that work as a back-end development

Backend languages

Java, Ruby, Python, Php, Laravel, SQL, ASP.NET, React, Node.js and Jquery, etc. Hence, they are responsible to respond to the requests generated by browsers. In simple words, the whole system is working around the Browser and Server.

Basically, a website consists of a single page or more than one page of content followed by the relevant links, hyperlinks, and images. It has been considered that the website serves the purpose of a book in digital form.


Browsers are used to connect your computer with the server through IP address which is obtained by translating the Domain Name System (DNS).

The most popularly used Browsers in today’s world are as follows

Internet Explorer

Google Chrome

Mozilla Firefox



Servers are used at the backend. They are connected with the browsers and receives the data and requests sent by the browsers and respond accordingly.


The website is a collection of languages in terms of programming and coding used to achieve the desired results. The structure has two common categories FRONT-END and BACK-END which we have already discussed in the above context.

The basic structure of the website is constructed using <html>


As we have discussed earlier, the development and structure of a website there is a little briefer given below to understand the interface of a website.

Html structure is always achieved by following startup tags









HTML stands for hypertext markup language and consist of tags readable by the server the structure behaves like a skeleton of a website, to add styling and create an appealing interface, CSS is used.

CSS(cascading style sheet)

A website is considered and rated well if it is accessible by everyone, including people with any kind of disability. To achieve the goal semantic markups are introduced in HTML5 structures. The second main thing to improve accessibility is the User Interface designed by UI/UX designer. Designing and styling play a vital role in making a website rank at the top by the users.

CSS helps to add variety in our website appearance with colorful graphics and stylization of elements in an elegant way.

HTML and CSS are pillars to build a website. It will end up making a perfect static web page. To add functionality and we use JavaScript which helps to control the behavior of a website. For more understanding, consider an e.g. of a button in a web page or application that states “submit”. Now the ‘submit” is in static position until a functional coding language is applied which eventually helps to connect the web page to the server.

The back end is controlled by programming languages that are readable by computers. With the latest technologies lot of new updated collective languages have been introduced to make the process easier and less time-consuming.


Thanks for Reading.

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